Key References for XITY Phase 4
“If anywhere can be defined as a city, then the definition runs the risk of meaning nothing. A city is made by its people, within the bounds of the possibilities that it can offer them: it has a distinctive identity that makes it much more than an agglomeration of buildings.”
#1: Le Corbusier, Swiss architect and city planner
In the process of research, it seemed that all roads on researching about the connections between urban planning and its connections to the human body go through the late internationally renowned Swiss architect and city planner Le Corbusier, Charles-Édouard Jeanneret (1887 – 1965), widely known as the pioneer of modern architecture.
The Modulor: A Blueprint System
Between 1943 and 1955, Le Corbusier developed the Modulor during a period that was engaging with mathematics as a potential source of universal truths, and he sought to apply a system of proportional measurement to draw together the human anatomy and the beauty embedded in the Golden Section a.k.a. Golden Ratio (See link for a beginner's guide to Golden Section).
Applying The Modulor to Architecture: Chandigarh, India
Chandigarh, the dream city of India's first Prime Minister, Sh. Jawahar Lal Nehru, was planned by the famous French architect Le Corbusier. In this respect, Le Corbusier continued referencing the human body in urban planning. For instance, the administrative government buildings would be placed in the North (head), and the commercial establishments would be marked in the Central regions where the intake and outtake of the city would be concentrated in.